The 9x19mm Parabellum, which is more commonly known as the 9mm NATO, and 9mm Luger, is a cartridge that was designed by Georg Luger in 1902 by the Deutsche Waffen und Munitionsfabriken (DWM). The 9mm Luger was intended to be used in their Luger semi-automatic pistol. It is this reason that this cartridge is designated as the 9mm Luger by the SAAMI. The 9 mm Luger is a standard cartridge for NATO forces.
The 9 mm LugerAccording is the world's most popular and widely used military handgun and submachinegun cartridge. The 9 mm Luger is used by over 60% of police in the United States of America. The popularity of the 9 mm Luger cartridge is attributed wide use in police and self-defense use, as well as the cartridge's low cost and availability.
The 9 mm Luger was originally designed to be lethal to 50 meters. However, it is still lethal at longer ranges in well trained hands. The cartridge combines a flat trajectory with moderate recoil.
The 9mm Luger has been manufactured by, or for, more than 70 countries through out the World and it has become a standard pistol caliber for NATO and other military forces.